How to Invest in NCDs: A Beginner’s Guide

Investing in non-convertible debentures (NCDs) can be a great way to diversify your investment portfolio and earn steady returns. This guide will help you understand what is debenture, how to invest in NCDs, and provide practical tips to get started.

Understanding Non-Convertible Debentures (NCDs)

Before diving into how to invest in NCD, it’s essential to understand what debenture is.

A debenture is a type of debt instrument that companies issue to raise capital. Debentures are backed only by the creditworthiness and reputation of the issuer rather than any collateral. NCDs are specific types of debentures that cannot be converted into equity shares of the issuing company metatrader 4 for windows. They are typically issued for a fixed tenure and offer a fixed rate of interest.

Benefits of Investing in NCDs

NCDs offer several benefits that make them an attractive investment option:

  1. Fixed Returns: NCDs provide fixed interest payouts, which can be monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, or annually, offering a predictable income stream.
  2. Higher Interest Rates: NCDs generally offer higher interest rates than traditional fixed deposits and savings accounts.
  3. Diversification: Adding NCDs to your investment portfolio can help diversify your assets, reducing overall risk.
  4. Liquidity: NCDs are listed on stock exchanges, making it easier for investors to buy and sell them in the secondary market.
  5. Credit Rating: Most NCDs are rated by credit rating agencies, assessing the issuer’s creditworthiness and the risk associated with the investment.

How to Invest in NCDs

Now that you understand what is debenture and its benefits, let’s discuss how to invest in NCDs.

  1. Research and Select NCDs

The first step in investing in NCDs is to research available options. Look for NCDs from a reputed issuing company with good credit ratings. Compare the interest rates, tenure, and terms of different NCDs. Credit rating agencies like CRISIL, ICRA, and CARE provide ratings that can help you assess the risk associated with each NCD.

  1. Open a Demat Account

To invest in NCDs, you need a demat account. If you don’t already have one, you can open one with any depository participant (DP) registered with NSDL or CDSL, such as Religare Broking. This account will hold your NCDs in electronic form.

  1. Apply During the Public Issue

Companies usually issue NCDs through public issues, which are open for a specific period. You can apply for NCDs through your broker or online trading platform during this period. Ensure you read the prospectus carefully to understand the terms and conditions of the NCD issue.

  1. Secondary Market Purchase

If you miss the public issue, you can still invest in NCDs through the secondary market. NCDs are listed on stock exchanges, and you can buy them through your broker just like you would buy stocks. Keep an eye on market prices and yields to find the best buying opportunities.

  1. Monitor Your Investment

Once you have invested in NCDs, regularly monitor your investment. Keep track of interest payouts and stay updated with any news related to the issuer. If the issuer’s credit rating changes, reassess your investment to ensure it still aligns with your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Practical Tips for Investing in NCDs

Investing in non-convertible debentures (NCDs) can be a prudent way to enhance your investment portfolio. Here are some detailed and practical tips to help you make the most of your investment in NCDs:

  1. Diversify Your Investments: Diversification is a fundamental principle of risk management in investing. When you invest in NCD, it’s crucial not to allocate all your funds to a single NCD issue. Instead, spread your investments across multiple issuers and tenures. By doing this, you reduce the risk associated with the potential default of any single issuer. For example, you might invest in NCDs from three companies with varying maturity periods. This approach ensures that the impact on your overall portfolio is minimised even if one issuer faces financial difficulties.
  2. Check Credit Ratings: These ratings are provided by reputable credit rating agencies like CRISIL, ICRA, and CARE. When selecting NCDs, prioritise those with higher credit ratings, such as AA or AAA. Higher ratings indicate that the issuer has a strong credit profile and a lower risk of default. While NCDs with lower ratings may offer higher interest rates, they come with increased risk. For beginners, sticking to high-rated NCDs can provide a safer investment experience. Regularly check for any updates or changes in the credit ratings of your NCDs, as this can provide early warning signs of potential issues.
  3. Understand the Terms: Thoroughly understanding the terms and conditions of an NCD is vital before investing. Key terms to consider include the interest rate, payout frequency, tenure, and any call or put options. The interest rate determines the return you will earn on your investment, while the payout frequency (monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, or annually) affects how often you receive interest payments. The tenure of the NCD indicates how long your money will be invested before you receive the principal back.
  4. Consider Market Conditions: Market conditions, particularly prevailing interest rates, play a significant role in the attractiveness of NCDs. When interest rates in the economy are high, new NCD issues tend to offer higher interest rates to attract investors. Conversely, when interest rates are low, the rates offered on new NCDs may be less attractive. Before investing, compare the interest rates of available NCDs with current market rates and other fixed-income investment options, such as fixed deposits or government bonds.


Investing in NCDs can be a wise choice for those looking to earn fixed returns while diversifying their investment portfolio. By understanding what a debenture is and following the steps and tips outlined above, you can confidently invest in NCDs and potentially enhance your financial returns.

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